- A term coined by modern historians to denote the Babylonian realm ruled by the dynasty begun by King Nabopolassar (reigned 626-605 b.c.), accordingly referred to as the Neo-Babylonian dynasty (sometimes called the Chaldean dynasty). The Neo-Babylonian Empire lasted from 626 to 539 b.c. Though short-lived compared to most other ancient Mesopota-mian empires, it witnessed much new construction of cities, palaces, temples, and bridges and is unusually well documented for a Mesopotamian realm.The founder of the dynasty and empire, Nabopolassar, is remembered best for his destruction of the Assyrian Empire with the aid of the Medes, led by King Cyaxares II. After the Assyrian strongholds of Nineveh and Harran were taken, Cyaxares' daughter, Amytis, married Nabopolassar's son, Nebuchadnezzar II. The latter, who ruled from 605 to 562 b.c., defeated an Egyptian army that had been sent to help the ailing Assyrians. Nebuchadnezzar eventually reigned over all of Mesopotamia plus Syria, Palestine, and parts of Anatolia, a large realm that roughly approximated the extent of the now-defunct Assyrian Empire. He also launched dozens of construction projects in Babylon and elsewhere in Mesopotamia.Nebuchadnezzar's reign marked the political height of the Neo-Babylonian Empire. After his death his son, Amel-Marduk, ruled only a few months before he was assassinated by his brother-in-law, Neriglissar. Neriglissar himself ruled only three years and was an ineffectual ruler. When he died, his son, Labashi-Marduk, who was still a child, became king, which opened the way for palace intrigues and a plot to usurp the throne. After only nine months, Nabonidus, the son of a local priestess of the moon god, was king. During his reign (555-539 b.c.) he invaded Arabia, where he spent ten years. During that time cyrus II of Persia was building up his own forces, which he unleashed against Babylonia in 539, defeating Na-bonidus and ending Babylonian independence. Thereafter, the Babylonians remained always subjects of other empires, including those of the Persians, Greeks, Parthians, and Sassanians.
Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. Don Nardo Robert B. Kebric. 2015.
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Neo-Babylonian Empire — ← … Wikipedia
NEO-BABYLONIAN EMPIRE — (605–539 B.C.) It was founded by the Babylonian king Nabopolassar (reigned 626–605 B.C.), who with the help of the Medes brought the Neo Assyrian empire to its knees by destroying Nineveh and other major Assyrian cities. Nabopolassar’s son… … Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia
Neo-Assyrian Empire — ← ← … Wikipedia
neo-babylonian — I. “+ adjective Usage: often capitalized N & usually capitalized B Etymology: ne + babylonian : of or relating to the later Babylonian empire II. noun Usage: often capitalized N & usually capitalized B : chaldean 1 b … Useful english dictionary
Military history of the Neo-Assyrian Empire — Assyrian Army Participant in Assyrian wars of conquest … Wikipedia
Neo-Aramaic languages — Neo Aramaic Modern Aramaic Ethnicity: Assyrians Geographic distribution: Iraq, Iran, Israel, Syria, Turkey and diaspora Linguistic classification … Wikipedia
Babylonian astronomy — According to Asger Aaboe, the origins of Western astronomy can be found in Mesopotamia, and all Western efforts in the exact sciences are descendants in direct line from the work of the late Babylonian astronomers. Our knowledge of Sumerian… … Wikipedia
Babylonian law — Archaeological material for the study of Babylonian law is singularly extensive. So called contracts exist in the thousands, including a great variety of deeds, conveyances, bonds, receipts, accounts, and most important of all, actual legal… … Wikipedia
Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project — In the Neo Assyrian Text Corpus Project, the following works are published: Contents 1 State archives of Assyria cuneiform texts 2 State archives of Assyria studies 3 See also 4 Reference … Wikipedia
BABYLONIAN CHRONICLES — Several chronicles were written in Babylon from the middle of the second millennium B.C. onward. Chronicle Precords the dealings of the Kassite Dynasty with its Assyrian and Elamite neighbors. There are seven Neo Babylonian chronicles from the … Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia